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45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment of VDV
Russian 45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment patch (new).gif
45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment
Active 1994-present
Country Russia Russia
Branch Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops.png Airborne Troops (direct subordination)
GRU emblem.svg GRU (operational subordination)
Type Paratroopers
Role Special reconnaissance/special operations
Garrison/HQ Kubinka, Moscow Oblast
Engagements First Chechen War, Second Chechen War, 2008 South Ossetia War

45th Guards Separate Reconnaissance Regiment of VDV (Russian: 45-й гвардейский отдельный разведывательный ордена Александра Невского полк ВДВ or 45-й полк специального назначения ВДВ) is a special reconnaissance and special operations unit within the Russian Airborne Troops, and based in Moscow.

It was created in 1994 from the 901st Separate Landing Assault Battalion (created in 1979) and 218th Separate Battalion for Special Operations of VDV, (created in 1992). The regiment has 690 men, 15 BTR-80, and 1 BTR-D; the 218th Battalion is homebased in Sokolniki.[1]

The unit is part of the Russian Airborne Troops (VDV)[2] and directly subordinated to VDV Headquarters. However it is also operationally subordinate to the GRU.[3]

The Regiment fought in the First and Second Chechen Wars. In 1994 it fought for Dolinsky, Argun, and Grozny, sustaining casualties of 15 killed and 28 wounded. In June 2007 it was successfully inspected by the Commander-in-Chief of the VDV. In August, the 45th was involved in the 2008 South Ossetia War, where one battalion captured US-made Humvees jointly with the 7th Airborne Guards Division, and another defended Tskhinvali.[4]

Russian Airborne Troops 45th Regiment show

References

  1. Warfare.ru on VDV - includes note on 45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment, accessed December 2008
  2. Structure of VDV (Russian)
  3. History of Soviet Spetsnaz. Numeration and history of units (Russian)
  4. Warfare.ru, accessed December 2008

External links

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