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The 34th Simferopol Red Banner Order of Suvorov Motor Rifle Division named after S. Ordzhonikidze (Military Unit Number 45463) was a unit of the Soviet Ground Forces and later the Russian Ground Forces.


It was formed by the order of the troops of the 11th Army of the Caucasian Front No. 193 of May 11, 1920 and the People's Navy Commissariat of the Azerbaijan SSR No. 48 of May 16, 1920. It was ordered to form as the "1st Consolidated Azerbaijan Workers' and Peasants Soviet Rifle Division".[1] By a Prikaz of the NKO, № 072 оf 21 May 1936, the division became the 77th Азербайджанскую Mountain Rifle Red Banner Division named for Sergei Ordzhonikidze. Приказом НКО № 0150 от 16 июля 1940 года, в связи с переходом от национального принципа комплектования к многонациональному, из наименования дивизии было исключено слово «Azerbaijani», thus becoming an Azerbaijani national formation. It was converted to the 77th Rifle Division in June 1942. It fought in Caucasus and Crimea and in the vicinity of Riga and Memel.[citation needed] With 51st Army of the Kurland Group (Leningrad Front) May 1945.

After a number of reorganizations (1957 onwards as 126 MRD), it became the 34th Motor Rifle Division in 1965. It spent the Cold War based at Sverdlovsk, Sverdlovsk Oblast, in the Urals Military District. The division's structure in 1989-90 included the 341st Tank Regt, 105th, 276th, and 324th MRRs, and the 239th Artillery Regiment. Sergey Surovikin became commander after 2002. It then became the 28th Motor Rifle Brigade in the city, now named Yekaterinburg, in 2009. On May 30, 2016 the brigade was transferred to Klintsy, Bryansk Oblast and reorganized into the 488th Motor Rifle Regiment of the 144th Motor Rifle Division.[2]


  1. Азербайджанская Красная Армия // Алексей Степанов. «Цейхгауз», № 25, 2011.
  2. Алексей Никольский (19 August 2016). "Пентагон заподозрил Россию в подготовке вторжения на Украину" (in ru). Ведомости. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 


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