|31st Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
Flag of Virginia, 1861
|Active||July 1861 – April 1865|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Engagements||American Civil War: Battle of Cheat Mountain-Jackson's Valley Campaign-Seven Days' Battles-Second Battle of Bull Run-Battle of Antietam-Battle of Fredericksburg-Battle of Chancellorsville-Battle of Gettysburg-Battle of Cold Harbor-Siege of Petersburg-Valley Campaigns of 1864-Appomattox Campaign|
The 31st Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.
The 31st Virginia was organized under W.L. Jackson and mustered into Confederate service in July, 1861. Many of its members were raised in Marion, Pendleton, and Gilmer counties. The unit was active in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign and Jackson's Valley operations. Later it was assigned to General Early's, W. Smith's, Pegram's, and J.A. Walker's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 31st participated in the difficult campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley and was active around Appomattox. This regiment reported 13 casualties at Greenbrier River, 37 at Camp Alleghany, 19 at McDowell, and 97 at Cross Keys and Port Republic. It lost 3 killed and 17 wounded at Cedar Mountain, had 5 killed and 20 wounded at Second Manassas, and suffered 1 killed and 7 wounded at Sharpsburg. Of the 267 in action at Gettysburg, ten percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 7 officers and 49 men of which 22 were armed. The field officers were Colonels John S. Hoffman, William L. Jackson, and Samuel H. Reynolds; Lieutenant Colonels Francis M. Boykin, Alfred H. Jackson, and J.S. Kerr McCutchen; and Majors James C. Arbogast, Joseph H. Chenoweth, and William P. Cooper.
- Company A, Marion Guard, Capt. William P. Thompson
- Company B, Pendleton Minute Men, Capt. Robert H. Bradshaw
- Company C, Harrison State Guards, Capt. Uriel M. Turner
- Company D, Gilmer Rifles, Capt. John E. Mitchell
- Company E, The Highlanders, Capt. Felix H. Hull
- Company F, Capt. Jacob Currence (Randolph County)
- Company G, Pocahontas Reserves, Capt. James C. Arbogast
- Company H, Barbour Greys, Capt. Thomas A. Bradford
- Company I, Capt. Alfred H. Jackson (Lewis County)
- Company K, Barbour Mountain Guards, Capt. Henry Sturm
- Haselberger, Fritz, Yanks from the South, Past Glories, Baltimore, 1987, pg. 87, list of companies
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park Service".
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