|318th Fighter Interceptor Squadron|
Emblem of the 318th Fighter Interceptor Squadron
|Branch||United States Air Force|
The 318th Fighter Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with 25th Air Division based at McChord AFB, Washington. The squadron was inactivated on 7 December 1989.
World War II
Established in mid-1942 as a fighter squadron, trained under I Fighter Command primarily in the northeast with P-47 Thunderbolts. Deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in Algeria, taking part in the North African Campaign supporting the United States Fifth Army's advance with tactical air support. Attacked enemy armored columns, troop concentrations, road transport, bridges and other targets of opportunity. Also flew combat missions over Sicily from airfields in Tunisia, supporting the Allied ground forces in the liberation of the island. Moved to Italy in late 1943 and continued tactical operations as part of Twelfth Air Force. Supported Fifth Army as it advanced into central and northern Italy during the Italian Campaign, being re-equipped with P-51D Mustangs in 1944. Continued combat operations until the German Capitulation; demobilizing in northern Italy during the summer of 1945. Inactivated in October.
Air Defense Command
Reactivated by Air Defense Command in May 1947 at Mitchell Field, New York. In December 1947 it was transferred to Hamilton Field, California where it received its first aircraft, P-61 Black Widows which had been pressed into the air defense mission. In the spring of 1948 the squadron received new F-82 Twin Mustangs and in November 1948 moved to McChord AFB, Washington. In the fall of 1950 the squadron transitioned into jet F-94As Starfire Interceptors. In June 1953 the squadron moved to Thule Air Base, Greenland; under control of the Northeast Air Command. The squadron came back under ADC in August 1954 when it was moved from Thule to Presque Isle AFB, Maine with F-89D Scorpions. In August 1955 the squadron returned to McChord AFB and transitioned into F-86D Sabres. In March 1957 the squadron began a transition into F-102A Delta Daggers and three years later in March 1960 into F-106 Delta Darts. On 22 Mar 1968 the 318th FIS deployed to Osan AB, Republic of Korea from McChord AFB, WA to provide air defense following the 26 January 1968 North Korea seizure of the USS Pueblo. This marked the first time in history that Aerospace Defense Command F-106 fighter interceptors had flown to a critical overseas area, using in-flight refueling along with tactical air units. Returned to the United States after the Pueblo Crisis ended, and flew F-106s throughout the 1970s. The 318th converted to F-15 Eagles in 1983.
- Constituted 318th Fighter Squadron on 24 June 1942
- Activated on 3 August 1942
- Inactivated on 28 October 1945.
- Activated on 21 May 1947
- Redesignated: 318th Fighter Squadron (All Weather) on 10 May 1948
- Redesignated: 318th Fighter-All Weather Squadron on 20 January 1950
- Redesignated: 318th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 1 May 1951
- Inactivated 7 December 1989.
- 325th Fighter Group, 3 August 1942 – 28 October 1945
- 325th Fighter (later Fighter-All Weather; Fighter-Interceptor) Group, 21 May 1947
- 4704th Defense Wing, 6 February 1952
- 567th Air Defense Group, 16 February 1953
- 64th Air Division, 1 July 1953
- 528th Air Defense Group, 8 August 1954
- 325th Fighter Group, 18 August 1955
- 325th Fighter Wing (Air Defense), 25 March 1960 – 1 July 1968
- Mitchel Field, New York, 3 August 1942
- New Bedford Airport, Massachusetts, 3 August 1942
- Grenier Field, New Hampshire, 3 October 1942 – 22 January 1943
- Tafaraoui Airfield, Algeria, 28 February 1943
- Montesquieu Airfield, Algeria, 7 April 1943
- Souk-el-Khemis Airfield, Tunisia, 3 June 1943
- Mateur Airfield, Tunisia, i9 June 1943
- Soliman Airfield, Tunisia, 4 November 1943
- Foggia Airfield, Italy, 9 December 1943
- Lesina Airfield, Italy, 29 March 1944
- Rimini, Italy, c. 7 March 1945
- MondoIfo, Italy, c. 3 April 1945
- Vincenzo Airfield, Italy, July – 9 October 1945
- Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, 26–28 October 1945
- Mitchel Field, New York, 21 May 1947
- Hamilton Field, California, 2 December 1947
- McChord AFB, Washington, 26 November 1948
- Thule, Greenland, 1 July 1953
- Presque Isle AFB, Maine, 5 August 1954
- McChord AFB, Washington, 18 August 1955 – 7 December 1989
- Curtiss P-40, 1942–1943
- P-47 Thunderbolt, 1943–1944
- P-51 Mustang, 1944–1945
- P-61 Black Widow, 1947–1948
- F-82 Twin Mustang, 1948–1951
- F-94A Starfire, 1951–1954
- F-89D Scorpion, 1954–1955
- F-86D Sabre Interceptor, 1955–1957
- F-102 Delta Dagger, 1957–1960
- T-33 Shooting Star, 1951-1988 (used as a proficiency trainer and practice "bogey" aircraft)
- F-106 Delta Dart, 1960–1983
- F-15 Eagle, 1983–1989
- A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- Maurer, Maurer. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force: World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1982.
- USAF Aerospace Defense Command publication, The Interceptor, January 1979 (Volume 21, Number 1).
- Northrop P-61 Black Widow—The Complete History and Combat Record, Garry R. Pape, John M. Campbell and Donna Campbell, Motorbooks International, 1991.
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