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Quân đoàn 2
(2nd Corps)
Active May 17, 1974–present
Country  Vietnam
Allegiance Flag of Viet Nam Peoples Army.svg Vietnam People's Army
Branch Active duty
Type Army Corps
Role Regular force
Size Corps
Part of Vietnam People's Army
Garrison/HQ Lạng Giang, Bắc Giang
Engagements Vietnam War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
Decorations Hero of the People's Armed Forces
Commanders
Current commander Col. Phạm Văn Hưng
Ceremonial chief Maj. Gen. Hoàng Văn Thái

2nd Corps (Vietnamese language: Quân đoàn 2 ) or Hương Giang Corps (Vietnamese language: Binh đoàn Hương Giang , literally: Corps of the Perfume River) is one of the four regular army corps of the Vietnam People's Army. First organized in 1974 during the Vietnam War, 2nd Corps had a major role in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign that ended the war. Today the corps is stationed in Lạng Giang District, Bắc Giang.

  • Commander: Col. Phạm Văn Hưng
  • Political Commissar: Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Văn Đủ

History

In July 1973, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam after its 21st conference issued a resolution of strengthening the armed forces in order to unify the country. In executing the issue, three months later the Ministry of Defence and the Military Commission of the Central Committee approved the plan of organizing regular army corps for the Vietnam People's Army. On May 17, 1974,[1] General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Minister of Defence, signed the edict that led to the establishment of the 2nd Corps in Thừa Thiên, now Thừa Thiên–Huế Province, where is located the Perfume River (Sông Hương or Hương Giang), that came the name Hương Giang Corps of the unit.[2] The first headquarters of the corps consisted of party committee secretary (bí thư) Lê Linh and commander (tư lệnh) Hoàng Văn Thái.

In early 1975, 2nd Corps was a major force of the Vietnam People's Army in Hue-Da Nang and Tây Nguyên Campaign. During the Ho Chi Minh Campaign, it was 2nd Corps that first advanced in the city of Saigon and captured the Independence Palace, which was the workplace of the president Duong Van Minh of South Vietnam. Colonel Bùi Quang Thận, an officer of the corps, was the person who raised the flag of Liberation Army in the roof of the Independence Palace and marked the end of the Vietnam War. After the war, 2nd Corps continued to engage in Laos (1976–1979) and Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1978–1979). The corps was awarded the title Hero of the People's Armed Forces (Anh hùng Lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân) in 1985.[2]

Organization

The command structure of 2nd Corps consists of the High Command (Bộ tư lệnh), the Staff of 2nd Corps (Bộ tham mưu), the Political Department (Cục chính trị), the Department of Logistics (Cục hậu cần) and the Department of Technique (Cục kỹ thuật). The combat forces of the corps include the 304th Infantry Division, 306th Infantry Division, 325th Infantry Division, 673rd Division of Air Defence, 203rd Tank Brigade, 164th Artillery Brigade and 219th Brigade of Engineers.[2]

  • Division Nato.svg 304th Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 306th Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 325th Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 673rd Air Defence Division
  • Brigade Nato.svg 203rd Tank Brigade
  • Brigade Nato.svg 164th Artillery Brigade
  • Brigade Nato.svg 219th Engineers Brigade

Commanders

Time Commander Notes
1974–1975 Maj. Gen. Hoàng Văn Thái Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Director of the General Department of Technique.
1975–1979 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Hữu An Later promoted to Colonel General and Director of the Advanced Military Academy.
1979–1982 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Chơn
1983–1988 Maj. Gen. Bùi Công Ái
1988–1992 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Phúc Thanh Later promoted to Lieutenant General, Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam and Deputy President of the National Assembly of Vietnam.
1992–1994 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Văn Rinh Later promoted to Colonel General and Deputy Minister of Defence.
1995–2000 Maj. Gen. Phạm Xuân Thệ Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Commander of the 1st Military Region.
2000–2004 Maj. Gen. Phạm Ngọc Khóa Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Director of the Department of Operation, General Staff.
2004–2007 Maj. Gen. Thiều Chí Đinh
2007–2011 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Đức Thận
2011–present Col. Phạm Văn Hưng

Notes

  1. Ministry of Defence of Vietnam (2009) (in Vietnamese). White book of Defence of Vietnam. Hanoi: World Publishing House. p. 111. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Quân đoàn 2" (in Vietnamese). Từ điển Bách khoa toàn thư Việt Nam. http://dictionary.bachkhoatoanthu.gov.vn/default.aspx?param=1646aWQ9MjAwMTcmZ3JvdXBpZD0ma2luZD1zdGFydCZrZXl3b3JkPXE=&page=3. 

References

  • High Command of the 2nd Corps, Vietnam People's Army (2004) (in Vietnamese). History of the 2nd Corps (1974–2004). Hanoi: People's Army Publishing House. 

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