It was first formed in July 1941 in the Moscow Military District on the basis of 30th Rifle Corps. The 245th, 252nd, 254th and 256th Rifle Divisions, and a number of smaller units made up the Army. It joined the Front of reserve armies and conducted defensive works at Staraya Russa, Demyansk, Ostashkov, Selizharovo. It was reassigned on July 21, 1941 to the Soviet Western Front, and with Western Front it took part in the Battle of Smolensk, conducted defensive fights in area to the south of the city of Toropets and on left I protect Volga on a site Rzhev, Staritsa. As part of the Soviet Western Front, since October 17 of the Kalinin Front it participated in the defense of Kalinin, and the Kalinin, Rzhev–Vyazma 1942, and Rzhev–Sychyovka offensive operations (the Battles of Rzhev). From the end of August 1942 the army defended occupied boundaries on the left bank of the Volga River. In the beginning of February, 1943 the Army's units were transferred to Fifth Army and 20th Army, and the headquarters was reorganised as headquarters First Tank Army.
The commanders of the 29th Army were:
- General-lieutenant I. I. Maslennikov (July 4, 1941 – December 11, 1941)
- General-major V. I. Shvetsov (December 12, 1941 – September 1942)
- General-major Zhuravlyov (September 1942 – January 1943)
It appears the Army HQ was reformed in 1968-9 in the Transbaikal Military District as part of the response to what was perceived as an increasing threat from the People's Republic of China. In 1981 the 91st Motor Rifle Division was formed at Nizhneudinsk, and was relocated to Bratsk in 1986. The 91st MRD became a territorial education centre in 1987, and 5209 VKhVT in 1989. The 29th Army was active until 1992, when it was downgraded to an Army Corps, but then was reformed from 57th Army Corps at Ulan-Ude in 2004, and was active in the Siberian Military District until 2007, when it was apparently again disbanded. Its units in July 2003 included 5th Guards Tank Division, the recently reformed 245th Motor Rifle Division at Gusinoozyorsk, and the 11th Air Assault Brigade.
29th Army was reformed once again in 2010-2011, with confirmation coming with a Kremlin decree of 9 January 2011 naming the army's commander. General-Major Aleksandr Vladimirovich Romanchuk, named Commander, 29th Army, was relieved of duty as Chief of Staff, First Deputy Commander, 41st Army.
- http://web.archive.org/web/20071123030530/http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/9059/RussianArmedForces.html (Archived 2009-10-23) for current units
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