Military Wiki
27th Group Army
Active 1949-2017
Country China
Garrison/HQ Shijiazhuang, Hebei
Nickname(s) Unit No. 66267
Qin Weijiang

The 27th Group Army was a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Beijing Military Region. It was based in Shijiazhuang, Hebei and was composed of one armored brigade, two motorized infantry brigades, one artillery brigade, and an anti-aircraft artillery brigade. Its unit ID number is 66267.

In mid 2017, it was reported by China Defense Blogspot that the army would disband.[2]

Chinese Civil War

The 27th Group Army traces its lineage to the Second World War as part of the 8th Route Army. Sometime following the end of the war the unit was reassigned, redesignated and reorganized as the 9th Column of the Eastern China Field Army. It was initially organized with the 5th and 6th Division and the 3rd Reserve Brigade. The unit was reorganized in March 1947 with the 25th, 26th and 27th Division. Following its reorganization the unit participated in the Shandong campaign. The unit also took part in the Battle of Wei County, where the 29th Regiment, 25th Division earned the title "Wei County Regiment" for the unit's gallant service. In September 1948 the unit took part in the battle for Jinan. The 9th Column then participated in the battle of Huaihai where it confronted and destroyed the KMT Huang Bo Tao Army Group. In February 1949 the unit was redesignated and reorganized as the 27th Army. In 1949 the 27th Army was composed of the 79th, 80th and 81st Divisions. The unit took part in the assault on Shanghai.

Korean War

The 27th Corps was part of the first contingent of Chinese forces to be deployed to Korea in October 1950 to fight against United Nations forces. It consisted of the 79th, 80th, 81st and 94th Divisions, though the 94th Division was attached to the 27th Army from its parent unit, the 30th Army.[3][4] During the War, the 27th Army was commanded by Lieutenant General Nie Fengzhi.[5]

In 1950 the 27th and its officers were considered some of the very best within the PLA. During the war roughly 80 percent of two "Hero Regiments" of the 27th Corps were lost to disease. The 27th returned to China in 1952.

Tiananmen Square Protests

In June 1989, the 27th Group Army actively participated in suppressing the student demonstrations in Tiananmen Square and imposing martial law on Beijing.

Blasko 2013 reported the army has the 80th, 82nd, 188th, and 235th Mechanized Infantry Brigades, and the 7th Armored Brigade, plus the 12th Artillery and an AAA brigade.[6]


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