The 1st Field Artillery Regiment (Mountain) Italian language: 1° Reggimento Artiglieria Terrestre (montagna) ) is a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Originally raised as Mountain Artillery Regiment the unit has served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat prior to World War I to World War II. The Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share, besides their close history, the distinctive Cappello Alpino.
The unit was raised in the city of Turin on 1 November 1887 as Mountain Artillery Regiment with three artillery brigades of three batteries each. On 1 March 1895 the unit expanded to five brigades, with the V Brigade becoming autonomous as Mountain Artillery Brigade of the Veneto on 21 August 1902. The regiment was tasked to provide artillery support to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Alpini regiments and recruited in Piedmont, Liguria and Aosta. By July 1909 the regiment consisted of the:
- Brigade Oneglia, in Oneglia (tasked to support the 1st Alpini Regiment)
- Brigade Mondovì, in Mondovì (tasked to support the 2nd Alpini Regiment)
- Brigade Torino-Susa, in Turin (tasked to support the 3rd Alpini Regiment)
- Brigade Torino-Aosta, in Turin (tasked to support the 4th Alpini Regiment)
On 17 July 1910 the brigades were renamed as groups.
World War 1
With tensions rising the army expanded the mountain artillery and on 1 February 1915 the regiment transferred the depot in Oneglia with the Mountain Artillery Group Oneglia to the newly formed 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment. Along with the depot and group, recruitment in Liguria and the task to support the 1st Alpini Regiment passed to the new regiment. To compensate for the loss of the Oneglia Group on the same date the Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Pinerolo was raised in Turin.
During the war the regiment's depots raised and trained the commands of nine mountain artillery groupings (Raggruppamento Artiglieria Montagna), the commands of 17 mountain artillery groups (Gruppo Artiglieria Montagna), and 37 mountain artillery batteries, which were each equipped with four 65/17 mod. 13 cannons. Furthermore, two commands of siege groups (Gruppo d'Assedio), and 14 siege batteries were raised and trained by the regiment.
- The regiment raised the following mountain artillery groupings: 1°, 2°, 3°, 4°, 5°, 9°, 10°, 11°, and 12°.
- The regiment raised the following mountain artillery groups: XV (66th, 67th, 68th bty.), XIX (14th, 51st, 55th bty.), XXII (47th, 48th, 49th bty.), XXV (82nd, 83rd, 84th bty.), XXIX (91st, 92nd, 93rd bty.), XXXIII, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXVII, XXXVIII, XXXIX, XLIII, XLIV, LII, LVIII, LXII, and LXV.
|1st Mountain Artillery Regiment, in Turin|
|Turin Depot||Mondovì Depot|
|(I) Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Susa||(IV) Mountain Artillery Group Mondovì|
|(II) Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Aosta|
|(III) Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Pinerolo|
- 1st Field Artillery Regiment (Mountain) - Regimental Command
- F. dell'Uomo, R. Puletti (1998). L'Esercito Italiano verso il 2000 - Vol. Primo - Tomo II. Rome: SME - Ufficio Storico. p. 181.
- "Storia dell'Artiglieria da Montagna". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/organizzazione/250-storia-dellartiglieria-da-montagna. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- L'Esercito Italiano nella Grande Guerra 1915-18 - Volume III Tomo 1 - Le Operazioni del 1916. Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. 1940. pp. 26–27. https://issuu.com/rivista.militare1/docs/vol-i_narrazione_doppio-testo_low. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- L'Esercito Italiano nella Grande Guerra 1915-18 - Volume I Tomo 1 - Le Forze Belligeranti. Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. 1940. pp. 95–97. https://issuu.com/rivista.militare1/docs/vol-i_narrazione_doppio-testo_low. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- "1° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/reggimenti-artiglieria/252-1-reggimento-artiglieria-da-montagna. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "Gruppo Artiglieria da Montagna Mondovì". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/gruppi-artiglieria/432-gruppo-artiglieria-da-montagna-mondovi. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- "Gruppo Artiglieria da Montagna Aosta". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/gruppi-artiglieria/367-gruppo-artiglieria-da-montagna-aosta. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
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