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Coat of Arms of the 1st Field Artillery Regiment (Mountain)

The 1st Field Artillery Regiment (Mountain) Italian language: 1° Reggimento Artiglieria Terrestre (montagna) ) is a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Originally raised as Mountain Artillery Regiment the unit has served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat prior to World War I to World War II. The Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share, besides their close history, the distinctive Cappello Alpino.

History[]

The unit was raised in the city of Turin on 1 November 1887 as Mountain Artillery Regiment with three artillery brigades of three batteries each. On 1 March 1895 the unit expanded to five brigades, with the V Brigade becoming autonomous as Mountain Artillery Brigade of the Veneto on 21 August 1902. The regiment was tasked to provide artillery support to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Alpini regiments and recruited in Piedmont, Liguria and Aosta.[1] By July 1909 the regiment consisted of the:

On 17 July 1910 the brigades were renamed as groups.

World War 1[]

With tensions rising the army expanded the mountain artillery and on 1 February 1915 the regiment transferred the depot in Oneglia with the Mountain Artillery Group Oneglia to the newly formed 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment. Along with the depot and group, recruitment in Liguria and the task to support the 1st Alpini Regiment passed to the new regiment.[1][2][3][4] To compensate for the loss of the Oneglia Group on the same date the Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Pinerolo was raised in Turin.

During the war the regiment's depots raised and trained the commands of nine mountain artillery groupings (Raggruppamento Artiglieria Montagna), the commands of 17 mountain artillery groups (Gruppo Artiglieria Montagna), and 37 mountain artillery batteries, which were each equipped with four 65/17 mod. 13 cannons. Furthermore, two commands of siege groups (Gruppo d'Assedio), and 14 siege batteries were raised and trained by the regiment.[1]

  • The regiment raised the following mountain artillery groupings: 1°, 2°, 3°, 4°, 5°, 9°, 10°, 11°, and 12°.[1]
  • The regiment raised the following mountain artillery groups: XV (66th, 67th, 68th bty.), XIX (14th, 51st, 55th bty.), XXII (47th, 48th, 49th bty.), XXV (82nd, 83rd, 84th bty.), XXIX (91st, 92nd, 93rd bty.), XXXIII, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXVII, XXXVIII, XXXIX, XLIII, XLIV, LII, LVIII, LXII, and LXV.[2][3]
1st Mountain Artillery Regiment, in Turin[1][5]
Turin Depot Mondovì Depot
Nappina artiglieria I grp.png (I) Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Susa
  • Nappina artiglieria 1 btr 1910.png 1st Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 2 btr 1910.png 2nd Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 3 btr 1910.png 3rd Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 51 btr 1910.png 51st Mountain Artillery Battery
Nappina artiglieria IV grp.png (IV) Mountain Artillery Group Mondovì[6]
  • Nappina artiglieria 10 btr 1910.png 10th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 11 btr 1910.png 11th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 12 btr 1910.png 12th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 54 btr 1910.png 54th Mountain Artillery Battery
Nappina artiglieria II grp.png (II) Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Aosta[7]
  • Nappina artiglieria 4 btr 1910.png 4th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 5 btr 1910.png 5th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 6 btr 1910.png 6th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 52 btr 1910.png 52nd Mountain Artillery Battery
Nappina artiglieria III grp.png (III) Mountain Artillery Group Torino-Pinerolo[7]
  • Nappina artiglieria 7 btr 1910.png 7th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 8 btr 1910.png 8th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Nappina artiglieria 9 btr 1910.png 9th Mountain Artillery Battery
  • Note 1

Note 1: The group's 53rd Mountain Artillery Battery was not raised until November 1916 for lack of available 65/17 mod. 13 cannons.[4]

Current Structure[]

1st Field Artillery Regiment (Mountain) on exercise

The regiment is part of the Alpine Brigade Taurinense and is equipped with FH-70 towed howitzers.

  • Nappina artiglieria.png 1st Field Artillery Regiment (Mountain) - Regimental Command
    • Nappina artiglieria CG.png Command and Logistic Support Battery
    • Nappina artiglieria 40 btr.png 7th Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Tactical Liaison Battery "Susa’d fer"
    • Nappina artiglieria.png Artillery Group "Aosta"
      • Nappina artiglieria 4 btr.png 4th Howitzer Battery "La pomonite"
      • Nappina artiglieria 5 btr.png 5th Howitzer Battery "La fulmine"
      • Nappina artiglieria 5 btr.png 40th Howitzer Battery
      • Nappina artiglieria 6 btr.png 6th Fire and Technical Support Battery "La Garibaldi"

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 F. dell'Uomo, R. Puletti (1998). L'Esercito Italiano verso il 2000 - Vol. Primo - Tomo II. Rome: SME - Ufficio Storico. p. 181. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Storia dell'Artiglieria da Montagna". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/organizzazione/250-storia-dellartiglieria-da-montagna. Retrieved 12 January 2019. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 L'Esercito Italiano nella Grande Guerra 1915-18 - Volume III Tomo 1 - Le Operazioni del 1916. Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. 1940. pp. 26–27. https://issuu.com/rivista.militare1/docs/vol-i_narrazione_doppio-testo_low. Retrieved 12 January 2019. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 L'Esercito Italiano nella Grande Guerra 1915-18 - Volume I Tomo 1 - Le Forze Belligeranti. Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. 1940. pp. 95–97. https://issuu.com/rivista.militare1/docs/vol-i_narrazione_doppio-testo_low. Retrieved 12 January 2019. 
  5. "1° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/reggimenti-artiglieria/252-1-reggimento-artiglieria-da-montagna. Retrieved 11 January 2019. 
  6. "Gruppo Artiglieria da Montagna Mondovì". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/gruppi-artiglieria/432-gruppo-artiglieria-da-montagna-mondovi. Retrieved 12 January 2019. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Gruppo Artiglieria da Montagna Aosta". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/gruppi-artiglieria/367-gruppo-artiglieria-da-montagna-aosta. Retrieved 12 January 2019. 

External links[]




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