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1st Cavalry Division
(1. Kavallerie-Division)
Stab einer Division.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Division (1871–1918)
Active 2 August 1914-1919
Disbanded 1919
Country  German Empire
Branch Army
Type Cavalry
Size Approximately 5,000 (on mobilisation)

World War I

Battle of Stallupönen
Battle of Gumbinnen
First Battle of the Masurian Lakes

The 1st Cavalry Division (1. Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German Army in World War I. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I.

Combat chronicle

Initially, it was the sole cavalry division on the Eastern Front, assigned to the 8th Army. It remained in the East throughout the war. 6 January 1915 to 22 August 1917, Coastal Defence duties in northern Courland. To the Ukraine March 1918[1] (until 29 January 1919). From 16 January 1918 it contained just one brigade of 3 regiments.

A more detailed combat chronicle can be found at the German-language version of this article.

Order of Battle on mobilisation

On formation, in August 1914, the component units of the division were:[2]

See: Table of Organisation and Equipment

Late World War I organization

In the course of the War, the Division saw a number of changes to its assigned Brigades.

Allied Intelligence did not rate the Division's fighting value.[3] It's late war organisation was:[4]

  • 2nd Cavalry Brigade
  • Horse Artillery Abteilung of the 1st (Prince August of Prussia) (1st Lithuanian) Field Artillery Regiment
  • Horse Artillery Abteilung of the 35th (1st West Prussian) Field Artillery Regiment[5]
  • 1st Pioneer Detachment
  • 347th Searchlight Section
  • 70th Ambulance Company
  • 66th Vet. Hospital
  • 142nd Vet. Hospital
  • 152nd Cyclist Company
  • 153rd Cyclist Company
  • 159th Cyclist Company

See also


  1. Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 126
  2. Cron 2002, p. 324
  3. AEF GHQ 1920, p. 47
  4. War Office 1995, p. 225
  5. 1917 was changed into a field artillery abteilung; Cron 2002, p. 139


  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6. 
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919. The London Stamp Exchange Ltd (1989). 1920. ISBN 0-948130-87-3. 
  • The German Forces in the Field; 7th Revision, 11th November 1918; Compiled by the General Staff, War Office. Imperial War Museum, London and The Battery Press, Inc (1995). 1918. ISBN 1-870423-95-X. 

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