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1st Cavalry Brigade
Active 1809–1815
1914–1919
Country  United Kingdom
Allegiance British Crown
Branch  British Army
Type Cavalry
Size Brigade
Part of 1st Cavalry Division (World War I)
Engagements

Napoleonic Wars

Battle of Waterloo

Anglo-Egyptian War (1882)
Second Boer War

Battle of Paardeberg

World War I

Western Front
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lord Edward Somerset
Baker Russell
John French, 1st Earl of Ypres
Charles James Briggs
Horace Sewell[1]

The 1st Cavalry Brigade was a brigade of the British Army. It served in the Napoleonic Wars (1st Household Cavalry Brigade), the Anglo-Egyptian War (1st (Heavy) Cavalry Brigade), the Boer War and in the First World War when it was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division.

The brigade was a pre-war formation based at Aldershot in England and originally consisted of three cavalry regiments, and an Royal Engineer signal troop. After the declaration of war in August 1914, the brigade was deployed to the Western Front in France, where an artillery battery joined the brigade the following September and a Machine Gun Squadron in February 1916.[2]

One of the brigades first battles was the Action at Néry (1 September 1914), when acting alone the brigade defeated the German 4th Cavalry Division. During this action three men from the artillery battery Captain Edward Bradbury, Sergeant-Major George Dorrell, and Sergeant David Nelson, were all awarded the Victoria Cross.

Formation

Napoleonic Wars

Battle of Talavera 1809

Battle of Furentes de Onoro 1811

Battle of Albuera 1811

Battle of Salamanca 1812

Battle of Vitoria 1813

  • 14th Light Dragoons
  • 1st Hussars, King’s German Legion[6]

Battle of Waterloo 1815

Anglo-Egyptian War

Boer War

During the Battle of Paardeberg, the brigade commanded:[8]

Household Cavalry Regiment
10th Royal Hussars
12th Royal Lancers
Q, T and U Batteries, Royal Horse Artillery[9]

First World War

2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)
5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales’s) Dragoon Guards
11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars
1st Signal Troop Royal Engineers
I Battery, Royal Horse Artillery from 17 September 1914
1st Cavalry Brigade Machine Gun Squadron Machine Gun Corps[2]

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1935). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 1. The Regular British Divisions. London: His Majesty's Stationary Office. ISBN 1-871167-09-4. 
  • Clarke, W.G. (1993). Horse Gunners: The Royal Horse Artillery, 200 Years of Panache and Professionalism. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 09520762-0-9. 
  • Smith, Digby (1998). The Greenhill Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-85367-276-9. 

External links

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