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1st Airborne Command Control Squadron
E 4b.jpg
1st Airborne Command and Control Squadron Boeing E-4 in flight
Active 1917-1922; 1929-1942; 1942-1944; 1969-present
Country United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Airborne Command and Control
Part of Air Force Global Strike Command
Garrison/HQ Offutt Air Force Base
Engagements Western Front (World War I)[1]
Decorations Air Force Meritorious Unit Award
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award[1]
Insignia
1st Airborne Command Control Squadron emblem (approved 8 August 1969)[1] 1st Command & Control Squadron.svg

The 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron is part of the 595th Command and Control Group at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. It operates the Boeing E-4 aircraft conducting airborne command and control missions.

The squadron is one of the oldest in the United States Air Force, its origins dating to 25 September 1917, when it was organized at Fort Omaha, Nebraska. It served overseas in France as part of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. The squadron saw combat during World War II, and became part of the Strategic Air Command during the Cold War.

History

World War and Balloon School

The first predecessor of the squadron was organized at Fort Omaha Nebraska in September 1917 as Company A, 2d Balloon Squadron. Two months later it departed for overseas service on the Western Front (World War I), arriving in France in January 1918. It entered combat as an observation unit with the French Eighth Army on 19 April 1918, operating observation balloons over the front lines. Once forces of the American Expeditionary Forces, had built up, it continued to operate as the 1st Balloon Company with the American I Corps until 17 October 1918. Following the end of the war, it served with III Corps as part of the occupation forces until April 1919.[1]

Interwar years

In the spring of 1919, the squadron returned to the United States and was stationed at Ross Field, California as part of the Air Service Balloon School.[1] In June 1922, the Balloon School moved to Scott Field, Illinois and Ross Field was closed as a military installation. The squadron was inactivated[1] with the closure of Ross.

The second predecessor of the squadron, also designated the 1st Balloon Company, was activated at Scott in May 1929. After a brief period of training with the 21st Airship Group at Scott, it moved to Post Field, located on Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where it was assigned to the Field Artillery School.[1] It trained and conducted exercises with the school. At the beginning of World War II, it operated barrage balloons, but that mission was assigned to the coast artillery and the squadron was disbanded two months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

World War II

The third predecessor of the squadron was activated in April 1942 at Long Beach Army Air Base as the 1st Air Corps Ferrying Squadron, the location of a Douglas Aircraft Company manufacturing plant. It ferried aircraft from the Douglas factory and other factories in the Western Procurement District to overseas departure points.[1] However, the Army Air Forces was finding that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not well adapted to the training and logistics support mission. Accordingly it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.[2] In March 1944, Air Transport Command units assigned to the 6th Ferrying Group were combined into the 556th AAF Base Unit.

Airborne command and control

On 1 June 1962, Headquarters Command organized the 1000th Airborne Command Control Squadron at Andrews Air Force Base to operate the National Emergency Airborne Command Post and assigned it to the 1001st Air Base Wing.[3][4] By 1965, the squadron was operating Boeing EC-135 aircraft to support this mission.[5] On 1 July 1969, the 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron was activated and assumed the mission, personnel and equipment of the 1000th Squadron.[note 1]

In 1974, the squadron began to replace its EC-135s with more capable Boeing E-4s, completing the upgrade the following year. In November 1975, the squadron was reassigned from Andrews' 1st Composite Wing to the 55th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. On 1 July 1977, it moved to joined the 55th Wing at Offutt[note 2][1] On October 6, 2016, the unit was reassigned to the newly activated 595th Command and Control Group under the control of Air Force Global Strike Command.[6]

Lineage

1st Airship Company
  • Organized as Company A, 2d Balloon Squadron on 25 September 1917
Redesignated 1st Balloon Company on 19 June 1918
Inactivated on 25 July 1922
  • Redesignated 1st Airship Company on 24 March 1923
Consolidated with the 1st Balloon Company as the 1st Balloon Company on 31 July 1929[1]
1st Balloon Squadron
  • Constituted as the 1st Balloon Company on 18 October 1927
Activated on 17 May 1929
Consolidated with the 1st Airship Company on 31 July 1929
Redesignated 1st Balloon Squadron on 1 October 1933
Disbanded on 6 Feb 1942[1]
Reconstituted and consolidated with the 1st Ferrying Squadron and the 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron as the 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron on 19 September 1985[1]
1st Ferrying Squadron
  • Constituted as the 1st Air Corps Ferrying Squadron on 18 February 1942
Activated on 15 April 1942
Redesignated 1st Ferrying Squadron on 12 May 1943
Disbanded on 1 April 1944
Reconstituted and consolidated with the 1st Balloon Squadron and the 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron as the 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron on 19 September 1985[1]
1st Airborne Command Control Squadron
  • Constituted as the 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron on 9 May 1969
Activated on 1 July 1969
Consolidated with the 1st Balloon Squadron and the 1st Ferrying Squadron on 19 September 1985[1]

Assignments

  • Unknown, 25 September 1917
  • Balloon Wing, I Army Corps, July 1918
  • Balloon Group, I Army Corps, 8 October 1918
  • Balloon Group, III Army Corps, c. 20 November 1918 – 16 April 1919
  • Balloon School, Ross Field, California (later, Air Service Balloon Observers School), July 1919
  • Ninth Corps Area, 30 June–25 July 1922
  • Sixth Corps Area, 17 May 1929

  • Field Artillery School, June 1929
  • III Air Support Command (attached to Field Artillery School), 1 September 1941 – 6 February 1942
  • California Sector, Air Corps Ferrying Command[note 3] (later 6th Ferrying Group), 15 April 1942 – 1 April 1944
  • 1st Composite Wing, 1 July 1969
  • 55th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, 1 November 1975
  • 55th Operations Group, 1 September 1991[7]
  • 595th Command and Control Group, 6 October 2016[6]

Stations

  • Fort Omaha, Nebraska, 25 September 1917
  • Garden City, New York, 30 November–7 December 1917
  • Camp de Souge, Gironde, France, 3 January 1918
  • Brouville, France, 15 April 1918
  • Les Ecoliers (near Montreuil-aux-Lions), France, 19 July 1918
  • Epaux-Bezu, France, 22 July 1918
  • Épieds, France, 25 July 1918
  • Artois Ferme (near Courpoil), France, 28 July 1918
  • Mareuil-en-Dole, France, 5 August 1918
  • Courcelles-sur-Vesle, France, 13 August 1918
  • Tremblecourt, France, 23 August 1918
  • La Queue de Theinard (near Domevre-en-Haye), France, 29 August 1918
  • Bois de Brule (near Neuvilly-en-Argonne), France, 27 September 1918
  • Varennes-en-Argonne, France, 2 October 1918

  • Chatel-Chehery, France, 11 October 1918
  • Auzeville-en-Argonne, France, 17 October 1918
  • Mercy-le-Bas, France, 21 November 1918
  • Euren, Germany, 8 December 1918
  • Niederburg (near Koblenz), Germany, 19 December 1918
  • Colombey-les-Belles, France, 17 April 1919
  • St Nazaire, France, c. 5 May 1919–c. late May 1919
  • Camp Lee, Virginia, c. 6 June 1919
  • Ross Field, California, July 1919 – 25 July 1922
  • Scott Field, Illinois, 17 May 1929
  • Post Field, Oklahoma, 24 June 1929 – 6 February 1942
  • Long Beach Army Air Base, California, 15 April 1942 – 1 April 1944
  • Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, 1 July 1969
  • Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, 1 July 1977 – present[1]

Aircraft and Balloons

  • Type R Observation Balloon, 1918-1919, 1919-1922
  • A-6 Spherical Balloon, 1929-1942
  • A-7 Spherical Balloon, 1929-1942
  • C-3 Observation Balloon, 1929-c. 1939
  • C-6 Observation Balloon, 1937, 1938-c. 1942
  • D-2 Barrage Balloon, 1939

  • D-3 Barrage Balloon, 1940-1942
  • D-4 Barrage Balloon, 1940-1942
  • D-5, Barrage Balloon, 1940-1942
  • D-6 Barrage Balloon, 1940-1942
  • Ferried various aircraft, 1942-1944
  • Boeing EC-135J, 1969-1975
  • Boeing E-4, 1974 – Present[1]

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. Although the 1st Squadron was a new organization, it was also entitled to retain the honors (but not the history or lineage) of the 1000th. This includes an Air Force Outstanding Unit Award earned for the period 1 January 1967-31 December 1968. AF Pamphlet 900-2, p. 484
  2. Offutt Air Force Base occupies much of the same ground as Fort Omaha did in 1917, when the 2d Balloon Squadron was organized there.
  3. The Sector was redesignated on 25 April 1942.
Citations
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 Robertson, Patsy (June 23, 2009). "Factsheet 1 Airborne Command Control Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. http://www.afhra.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/433183/1-airborne-command-control-squadron-acc/. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  2. Goss, p. 75
  3. Mueller, p. 12
  4. "Abstract, History 1001 Air Base Wing Jan-Jun 1962". Air Force History Index. http://www.airforcehistoryindex.org/data/000/487/556.xml. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  5. "Abstract, History 1001 Air Base Wing Jan-Jun 1965". Air Force History Index. http://www.airforcehistoryindex.org/data/000/487/564.xml. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Hammes, SRA Rachel (October 4, 2016). "595th Command and Control Group activates at Offutt". Air Force History Index. http://www.acc.af.mil/News/ArticleDisplay/tabid/5725/Article/965021/595th-command-and-control-group-activates-at-offutt.aspx. Retrieved October 12, 2016. 
  7. Assignment information in Robertson, except as noted.

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.



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