Military Wiki
156th Infantry Division Vicenza
Active 1942
Country Italy Regno d'Italia
Kingdom of Italy
Branch Flag of Italy (1860).svgRegio Esercito
Royal Italian Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Nickname(s) Vicenza
Engagements World War II

The 156th Infantry Division Vicenza was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II. The Vicenza was formed in January 1942 as a garrison division. It was then sent to the Eastern front, as part of the Italian Army in Russia to act as a reserve, behind the front on "line of communications", rear area security and anti-partisan duties. Then in July 1942, it was sent into the front line and was overrun and destroyed in a Soviet offensive.[1]

Order of battle

  • 277. Vicenza Infantry Regiment
  • 278. Vicenza Infantry Regiment
  • 156. Artillery Regiment
  • 156. Machine Gun Battalion
  • 256. Anti-Tank Company
  • 156. Engineer Battalion
  • 156. Medical Section
  • 161. Field Hospital
  • 162. Field Hospital
  • 136. Carabinieri Section
  • 137. Carabinieri Section [nb 1][1]


  1. An Italian Infantry Division normally consisted of two Infantry Regiments (three Battalions each), an Artillery Regiment, a Mortar Battalion (two companies), an Anti Tank Company, a Blackshirt Legion of two Battalions was sometimes attached. Each Division had only about 7,000 men, The Infantry and Artillery Regiments contained 1,650 men, the Blackshirt Legion 1,200, each company 150 men.[2]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Marcus Wendal. "Italian Army". Axis History. Archived from the original on 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  2. Paoletti, p 170
  • Paoletti, Ciro (2008). A Military History of Italy. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-98505-9. 
  • Jowett, Phillip. The Italian Army 1040-45 (3): Italy 1943-45. Osprey Publishing, Westminster. ISBN 978-1-85532-866-2. 

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