Military Wiki
.22 Winchester Rimfire
Type Rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designed 1890
Bullet diameter .226 in (5.7 mm)
Neck diameter .2435 in (6.18 mm)
Base diameter .2455 in (6.24 mm)
Rim diameter .300 in (7.6 mm)
Rim thickness .050 in (1.3 mm)
Case length .965 in (24.5 mm)
Overall length 1.180 in (30.0 mm)
Rifling twist 1-14"
Primer type rimfire
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
45 gr (3 g) standard velocity 1,050 ft/s (320 m/s) 105 ft·lbf (142 J)
45 gr (3 g) 1,450 ft/s (440 m/s) 210 ft·lbf (280 J)
40 gr (3 g) hollowpoint (high velocity) 1,440 ft/s (440 m/s) 185 ft·lbf (251 J)
Source(s): Barnes & Amber 1972

The .22 Winchester Rimfire (commonly called the .22 WRF) is an American rimfire rifle cartridge.

Introduced in the Winchester M1890 slide rifle, it had a flat-nose slug, and is identical to the .22 Remington Special (which differed only in having a roundnosed slug).[1] It uses a flat-based, inside-lubricated bullet, which differs from the outside-lube slug of the .22 Short, Long, LR, and Extra Long rounds.[1]

When introduced, the .22WRF "was the first notable improvement in the killing power" over the .22LR,[2] and was able to kill cleaner at up to 75 yd (70 m). It is somewhat less accurate than the .22 LR[1] and is most suited to hunting small game such as rabbits or prairie dogs.[2]

A variety of Winchester, Remington, and Stevens single-shots and repeater rifles were offered from 1890 onward, but new rifles are not made for this cartridge. .22 WRF ammunition is periodically offered by commercial makers for use in the old guns.[1] It can be fired in any rifle chambered for the more powerful .22 WMR.[1] The shorter WRF cartridge may be limited to single shot use in WMR rifles, since it may not feed from WMR length magazines, depending on design.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Barnes, p.275, ".22 Winchester Rimfire (WRF)".
  2. 2.0 2.1 Barnes, p.275, ".22 Winchester Rimfire (WRF).


  • Barnes, Frank C., ed. by John T. Amber. ".22 Winchester Rimfire", in Cartridges of the World, pp. 275 & 282–3. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.

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