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.220 Russian
Type Hunting
Place of origin USSR
Production history
Designed 1950s
Manufacturer SAKO & Lapua
Parent cartridge 7.62x39
Case type Rimless, Bottle-Neck
Bullet diameter 5.67 mm (0.223 in)
Rim diameter 11.35 mm (0.447 in)
Rim thickness 1.5 mm (0.059 in)
Case length 38.7 mm (1.52 in)
Overall length 48.7 mm (1.92 in)
Case capacity 1.95 cm3 (30.1 gr H2O)
Primer type Small rifle
Maximum pressure 350 MPa (51,000 psi)
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
3.5 g (54 gr) SP 2,993.4 ft/s (912.4 m/s) 1,074.6 ft·lbf (1,457.0 J)

The .220 Russian (5.6x39mm) cartridge was developed in the late 1950s for deer hunting in Russia. It is a 7.62x39 cartridge necked down to hold a 5.6mm bullet. It was later adopted by Finland, and by around 1965 was being produced by SAKO and Lapua. When it was introduced to the United States, Sako, and later Lapua, brass was stamped ".220 Russian".

The .220 Russian is the parent case for the .22 PPC and the 6 mm PPC cartridge.

Ballistic data (3.5 gram SP bullet)
Distance (m) 0 50 100 200 300 400 500
Velocity(m / s) 912.4 798.8 694.0 507.7 359.4 290.5 250.3
Energy (J) 1457 1117 843 451 226 148 110


In Soviet Union, several hunting rifles were designed for this cartridge: bolt-action carbine "Bars" («Барс»), TOZ-84-20/5,6 (ТОЗ-84-20/5,6), TOZ-84-28/5,6 (ТОЗ-84-28/5,6), MTs-105-35 (МЦ-105-35) and MTs-127 (МЦ-127).

Also, this round was used in the TKB-022PM5 bullpup assault rifle and development of the standard issue 5.45x39mm round.

In Russian Federation, several hunting rifles were designed for this cartridge: IJ-94 "Sever" (ИЖ-94 "Север"); "Saiga-5,6" ("Сайга-5,6") and "Saiga-5,6S" ("Сайга-5,6С").

See also[]



  • Патроны охотничьи 5,6x39. Типы и основные размеры. ГОСТ 20808–75. Москва, 1975.
  • А. В. Кузьминский. Оружие для охотника: практическое пособие / под общ.ред. А. Е. Тараса М., ООО «Издательство АСТ», 2002. стр.250-251

External links[]

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