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Êzidxan Women's Units
Yekinêyen Jinên Êzidxan (YJÊ)
Participant in Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)
Flag of Sinjar Womens Units.svg
Flag of Sinjar Women's Units
Active 2015–present[1]
Ideology Democratic Confederalism,
Yazidi regionalism,
Jineology
Leaders

Berivan Aslan (chief commander)
Rosyar Vejin[2] (Khanasor commander)

"Koçber"[3] (Manbij commander)
Headquarters Sinjar, Nineveh Governorate, Iraq
Part of Sinjar Alliance
Originated as Sinjar Women’s Defense Units (YPJ-Sinjar)
Allies

Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ)
Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ)
Free Women's Units (YJA-Star)
Bethnahrain Women's Protection Forces

Women's Protection Units (YPJ)
Opponents

 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Rojava Peshmerga[2]
Battles/wars

Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

Syrian Civil War

The Êzidxan Women's Units (Kurdish language: Yekinêyen Jinên Êzidxan or YJÊ) is a Yazidi all-women militia formed in Iraq in 2015 to protect the Yazidi community in the wake of attacks by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and other Islamist groups that view Yazidis as pagan infidels.[5]

An offshoot of the mixed-gender Yazidi militia Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ), the YJÊ was founded on 5 January 2015 under the original name of Yekîneyên Parastina Jin ê Şengalê (Kurdish language: Sinjar Women’s Protection Units, YJŞ[6]), or YPJ-Sinjar.[1] The militia adopted its current name on 26 October 2015.[7]

The organization follows imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan's feminist Jineology,[1] and with the broader concept of Democratic Confederalism as advocated by the Group of Communities in Kurdistan (KCK).[8][9]

Activity

In October 2015, the YJÊ participated in the foundation of the Sinjar Alliance as an all-Yezidi joint commando umbrella structure, along with the Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ), the formerly Peshmerga-aligned Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ)[10] and other, independent Yezidi units committed to the united Yezidi front.[11]

Under the joint command of the newly founded Sinjar Alliance, the Êzidxan Women's Units took part in the November 2015 Sinjar offensive.[12]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "YPJ-Sinjar founding meeting held". 7 January 2015. http://www.diclehaber.com/en/news/content/view/438654. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "YJŞ Commander: We will not leave our land to the traitors". ANF News. 3 March 2017. https://www.anfenglish.com/kurdistan/yjs-commander-we-will-not-leave-our-land-to-the-traitors. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Manbij operation will continue until ISIS is completely expelled". ANF News. 15 August 2016. https://anfenglish.com/kurdistan/manbij-operation-will-continue-until-isis-is-completely-expelled. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  4. "Şengal’s YJŞ: heading for al-Raqqa to liberate Yazidi women". Hawar News Agency. 3 July 2017. http://en.hawarnews.com/sengals-yjs-heading-for-al-raqqa-to-liberate-yazidi-women/. 
  5. Moroz, Sarah. "The women taking on Isis: on the ground with Iraq's female fighters". https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/sep/11/women-taking-on-isis-iraq-yazidi-female-fighters. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  6. https://anfenglish.com/news/ybS-yjS-repel-isis-attack-on-a-village-of-shengal-20113
  7. "YPJ Shengal changes its name to YJÊ". 26 October 2015. http://anfenglish.com/women/ypj-shengal-changes-its-name-to-yje. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  8. FLANAGIN, JAKE (13 October 2014). "Women Fight ISIS and Sexism in Kurdish Regions". http://op-talk.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/10/13/women-fight-isis-and-sexism-in-kurdish-regions/?_r=0. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  9. "On patrol with the Sinjar Resistance Units". https://widerimage.reuters.com/story/on-patrol-with-the-sinjar-resistance-units. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  10. "Yezidi forces form alliance against IS". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. http://ezidipress.com/en/yezidi-forces-form-alliance-against-is/. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  11. "Independent Yezidi units join Shingal alliance". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. http://ezidipress.com/en/independent-yezidi-units-join-shingal-alliance/. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  12. "Shingal: KurdInnen starten mit vereinten Kräften Großoffensive gegen IS" (in de). Kurdische Nachrichten. 12 November 2015. http://kurdischenachrichten.com/2015/11/shingal-kurdinnen-starten-mit-vereinten-kraeften-grossoffensive-gegen-is/. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 

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